You, as a lay person, may be confused between the terminologies: Plastic Surgeon, Cosmetic Surgeon, Oculoplastic Surgeon, Facial Plastic Surgeon, Dermatologist, Trichologist, Cosmetologist, etc. How do you decide who is the best specialist for your disease? Which specialty is better trained? Who performs reconstructive surgery? Who should perform aesthetic surgery. Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon, in Mumbai, India, tries to demystify all these terminologies in this blogpost.
Dandruff or Seborrheic Dermatitis is one of the commonest skin disorders, mainly affecting the scalp skin. It is characterized by itching and white flakiness. Dandruff is a common cause of hair loss, alopecia & baldness. Sometimes, people affected with severe dandruff may become stigmatized and feel low on confidence. In such cases, it is equally important to treat them from an emotional and psychological point of view. Dandruff responds well to medicated shampoos such as anti-fungal and cortisone shampoos and various over-the-counter topical medications. However, it is always advisable to consult a Dermatologist (Skin Specialist) / Plastic Surgeon in order to get rid of severe dandruff.
Bony prominences like the cheek, the chin and the nose play a very important role in the way you look. You may be born with high cheek bones & a well defined chin. But, if you are not, it is fairly easy to augment the cheek bones & chin in a non-invasive manner. You will be surprised just how much of a difference these can make to your overall look and photos. Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon in Mumbai, India, explores how much of a difference high cheek bones & a prominent, square chin can make to your looks. In this blogpost, Dr. Shome explores filler enhancement as well as malar (cheek) implants for cheek & chin augmentation.
Excess hair on the arms, legs, body & face impacts confidence in both men & women. The number of men seeking laser hair removal treatments has risen 85% in just one year. Unwanted body & face hair can be an indicator of changes in the hormonal profile in women & even be a possible indicator of diseases like the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Conditions like the PCOS have an impact on female fertility & hence appropriate diagnosis of excess, unwanted body hair is more than merely a cosmetic issue. While traditional treatment like waxing, shaving and bleaching have been used for centuries, each one of them has issues, including potential for infections as well as need for repeated use. Laser hair removal has become very popular of late. Laser treatment with the long pulsed Nd YAG laser & the diode laser can rightly be considered the gold standard of hair removal treatment today.
Nail Salons are booming, every celebrity seems to have nail extensions and nail art. Many people want the french manicure, but little do they know that more aggressive styles of nail treatment can harm nails for a lifetime. They can leave women vulnerable to infections, rashes and even skin cancer. Your manicured hands & feet may look cool, but manicures & pedicures can permanently damage your nails. The nail, after all, is an extension of your skin. If the nail or nail bed becomes damaged, it can take a long time to repair, if at all. Dr. Debraj Shome, best plastic surgeon in India, advises care – It is better to have clean, filed and nail polish painted nails, rather than go for exotic manicures & risk having no nails at all.
Celebrities, actors and actresses from Bollywood & Hollywood are style icons. Their fans look at them for advise on everything: clothes, style, fashion as well as beauty treatments & tips. Many celebrities (with their access to the best plastic surgeons and dermatologists) have undergone plastic surgery like hair transplant, liposuction, blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery), breast implants & cosmetic procedures like the QR 678 hair growth factor injections & skin whitening surgery. But, do all of these work? What are the risks & the benefits? Should you undergo them? Dr. Debraj Shome blogs on celebrity makeovers and their efficacy, what you may consider & what you should be wary of.
Celebrities, actors and actresses from Bollywood & Hollywood are style icons. Their fans look at them for advise on everything: clothes, style, fashion as well as beauty treatments & tips. Many celebrities (with their access to the best plastic surgeons and dermatologists) have undergone plastic surgery like Botox, fillers (Juvederm, Restylane), rhinoplasty & Thermage. But, do all of these work? Should you undergo them? Dr. Debraj Shome blogs on celebrity makeovers and their efficacy.
Face Shapes play a vital role in aesthetics & beauty. Working out your face shape type can be the first step in evaluating many things: which hairstyles will suit you, which spectacles & sunglasses will look good on you, how you should apply makeup, etc. In fact, understanding your face shape is the first step in understanding you. Once you know your face shape, you can rectify the deficiencies & aim for the best face shape by visually changing your face shape via hairstyles, makeup, glasses. The facial shape can also be changed by using non-surgical procedures like Botox treatment for masseter hypertrophy & filler injections for adding volume to certain areas of the face. Facial Shapes can also be changed by using cosmetic surgery procedures like VASER Liposuction of the face, chin implants & cheek implants.
Looking good on photographs & appearing photogenic is both an art and a science. In today’s Facebook & ‘selfie’ driven world, almost everyone would like to photograph better. Just because you look good in person does not mean you will also look great on your photographs. Similarly, you may have flaws in person, but you can also be photogenic & enhance your beauty & looks on photos. It does not require Photoshop or the best photographer in the world (though that can help). All of us (not only models, celebrities & actresses), can look better on photos, if we know how to & use a few tips & tricks more deliberately when we are being photographed. Dr. Debraj Shome, a facial plastic surgeon based in Mumbai, India & an avid photographer, lets you in on a few plastic surgeon, aesthetic & photography based secrets, so that you too can rock your photos.
There is truth in the adage that “beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder”. Social norms decree that we look at the eyes when we interact. This makes sure that the eyes become central to first impressions in beauty & attraction. Wider, larger, baby like eyes make a person look younger & more attractive. Eye Makeup tends to try & enhance these features by outlining the eyes & making them stand out & appear wider. Treatments like Botox injections & blepharoplasty surgery work on the same premises of widening the eyes & removing eyelid bags & sagging. Appropriately applied eye make up enhances all facial features. However, eye make up must be removed effectively to prevent problems like dry eyes & eye infections.
Beauty, being beautiful & handsome is as much science as it is art. Studies with babies suggest that ‘beauty detectors’ are hard-wired in our brains from birth, such that the infants consistently gaze longer at the attractive faces. So, if babies know what is beauty, there must be a method to the madness. What Makes a face beautiful? How important is facial symmetry? Should women wear heels? What makes eyes beautiful? You may not consciously think of it, but evolution has taught your eyes to recognize beauty the moment they see it. Recognizing beauty is a short, quick response for recognizing which eggs may suit your sperm and vice versa. The brain knows in seven seconds who it finds attractive. The beauty industry tries to emulate these commonly understood patterns of beauty & tries to correct ‘flaws’ to make you appear more beautiful & handsome. Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon, India, tries to demystify the ‘looks paradigm’ in this blogpost.
Celebrities define fashion & lifestyle trends, wherever they go, whatever they do. When it comes to looks & beauty, the divas & celebrities (actors & actresses) in the Hollywood & Bollywood circuit have no other option, but to look beautiful and handsome all the time. This blogpost written by Dr. Debraj Shome, one of the best facial plastic surgeons in the world, discusses the hot beauty trends & the top makeover tips amongst the hep & the happening today. What do Hollywood & Bollywood Celebrities, Actors & Actress do to look good & what are their makeover tips to look beautiful? What are the Hottest Celebrity Trends? Whether it is the Liquid Gold Facial or the Snake Venom or the Bird Poop Facial, Dr. Shome presents the medical evidence for & against the same & lets you know whether you should go for it!
As we age, the facial tissues tend to droop, due to the action of gravity. Facelifting treatment elevates the facial tissues, restoring the youthful facial contours. Surgical face lift can be performed through the classical facelifting incision. Modifications like the mid-face lift, mini face lift, etc, can achieve the same results, but with greatly reduced surgical downtime & much reduced surgical risk. Advances like the vampire Lift, the liquid facelifting treatment (with Botox Injections & Fillers), can achieve the same results, and are non-surgical, with zero risk and downtime.
Whether you are getting ready for the festival season, for a wedding or just for a normal day, these best beauty tips are affordable & very safe. Most of these beauty tips & beauty treatments may cost less than what a meal costs these days. Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon in India, discusses the best beauty treatments & tips like skin resurfacing procedures (carbon dioxide laser skin resurfacing, microdermabrasion & chemical peels), botox injections & dermal filler injections treatment & the hydrafacial. Looking young and beautiful has never been easier, safer or more affordable.
Increased skin pigmentation or Hyperpigmentation refers to areas of skin where an excess of melanin has been produced and formed deposits, causing skin patches that appear darker than the surrounding skin. Common skin areas (sites of pigmentation) that experience hyperpigmentation or dyschromia are the sun exposed parts of the body like the face, arms, and hands. Age spots, liver spots, freckles, sun spots (solar lentigenes), pregnancy mask, melasma, under-eye dark circles are all types of increased skin pigmentation (hyperpigmentation) and there are several treatments available to reduce or remove the darker skin. Increased skin pigmentation is a difficult problem to treat. In this blogpost, Dr. Debraj Shome discusses various treatment options, including home remedies to remove pigmentation, skin creams, use of sunscreens, skin whitening & lightening products & laser treatments to remove skin hyperpigmentation & melasma and discusses the results with these treatments.
What are causes of hair loss? Can hair fall be reduced? How can we stop & prevent hairfall? What is the latest research on hair growth? Do PRP, Stem Cell therapy & QR 678 hair growth factor injections work in treating alopecia & causing baldness cure? Should hair be oiled? What foods should you eat for beautiful hair? Does minoxidil reduce hairfall? Is hair transplant surgery successful? For the best hair growth treatments, the latest hair research, hair loss prevention tips & hairfall solutions, read this blogpost by Dr. Debraj Shome, a top / best plastic surgeon in Mumbai, India.
When it comes to looking younger, many of us don’t want the latest medical treatment. We want to take an alternative or holistic approach, non-invasive & non-surgical. So, typically all skin care tips & beauty tips tend to center around the same. Facials are a treatment for the face that’s meant to cleanse, firm, smooth and moisturize the skin. All sorts of facials are now advertised in spas and salons – Fruit facials, oxygen facials, de-tanning facials, gold facials, silver facials, botox facials, galvanic facials, etc. But, do facial face treatments really work? Is there any scientific evidence to show that regular facials will make you look younger & more beautiful? Can facials serve as anti-aging treatment & remove wrinkles & face lines? Do you think facials are good for your skin? Or do you think they are a waste of time, money and potentially dangerous? Read this blog post by Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon in Mumbai, India, to know more.
Growing & Looking old & infirm is no longer an option. Dr. Debraj Shome, top facial plastic surgeon, practicing in Mumbai, India, blogs on easy, natural methods (anti-aging tips) to stay young & healthy longer, as well as the best cosmetic anti-aging treatments globally. Antiageing Foods, Skin protection with sun blocks, anti-oxidant therapy, skin creams, laser skin treatment (skin resurfacing), botox injections, dermal fillers treatment as well as cosmetic surgery are discussed here. Aging can be prevented & delayed now & even when it does occur, the slew of anti-aging treatments discussed can make you look younger, appear healthier and in the peak of health and vigor, both for men & women.
No amount of under eye concealer & eye make up can counteract the under eye problems (eyelid bags, eye bags, dark circles, black circles, tear trough deformity). Dark Circles under the eyes (under the lower eyelids) are very common, very troublesome, detract from appearance, and impart an aged and tired look on people. Dr. Debraj Shome, a top / best oculoplastic surgeon, based in Mumbai, India, discusses the major causes of dark circles under eyes, medical remedies, skin treatments, laser treatment, non-surgical cosmetic treatments like Botox & filler injections & cosmetic surgery remedies like blepharoplasty. How do dark circles occur (causes of dark circles), how to get rid of dark circles & which modality (treatment option) to use when, is discussed in detail in this blog post.
‘Laser’ is an acronym: Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Laser light can be accurately focused into small spots with very high energy. The light is produced within an optical cavity containing a medium, which may be a gas (e.g., argon, krypton, carbon dioxide laser), liquid (e.g., pulsed dye laser) or solid (e.g., ruby, neodymium:yttrium-aluminium-garnet (Nd:YAG), alexandrite laser). The process involves excitation of the molecules of the laser medium, which results in the release of a photon of light, as it returns to a stable state. Each medium produces a specific wavelength of light, which may be within the visible spectrum (violet 400 through to red 700nm) or infrared spectrum (more than 700 nm). Laser skin treatments are a safe, effective & the best non-surgical treatment method for treating diverse skin conditions and diseases, extending from aging (making skin younger), hair removal, pigmentation removal (melasma treatment), open pore treatment, wrinkle removal, fine line removal, tattoo removal, removal of vascular skin lesions (like capillary hemangiomas & strawberry nevus), skin whitening, skin lightening & also serves as synergistic treatment with a wide variety of anti-ageing treatments like Botox, Fillers, Skin chemical peels and cosmetic surgery.
In a shocking ruling, the Supreme Court of India reversed a Delhi High Court judgment and reinstated a British-era draconian law that not only criminalizes consensual gay sex, but also equates homosexuals with zoophiles and pedophiles, in India. Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code is a 153-year old colonial-era law. According to this law, same-sex relationships are an “unnatural offense” and punishable by a ten-year prison sentence. Whether being homosexual, lesbian or bisexual is of the order of nature or against is not the discussion here, since different people may have different views on this. But, in something as personal as sex, will the State decide what is right or wrong for each of its Citizens? As long as the act is in between two consenting adults, is it even democratic to get into the bedroom and dictate what is right or appropriate, via laws? Moreover, From a biological standpoint, the longstanding consensus of the behavioral and social sciences, and the health and mental health professions, since the 1970s, is that homosexuality and bisexuality are per se normal and positive variation of human sexual orientation.
Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face. Commonly injured facial bones include the nasal bone (the nose), the maxilla (the bone that forms the upper jaw), and the mandible (the lower jaw). The mandible may be fractured at its symphysis, body, angle, ramus, and condoyle. The zygoma (cheekbone) and the frontal bone (forehead) are other sites for fractures. Fractures may also occur in the bones of the palate (mouth) and those that come together to form the orbit of the eye. As many as 50–70% of people who survive traffic accidents have facial trauma. In most developed countries, violence from other people has replaced vehicle collisions as the main cause of maxillofacial trauma; however in many developing countries traffic accidents remain the major cause. Rene Le Fort used cadaver studies in 1900 to provide detailed descriptions of 3 basic types of facial fracture, these are now known as Le Fort I, Le Fort II & Le Fort III Fractures. Fractures of the nose, base of the skull, or maxilla may be associated with profuse nosebleeds. Nasal fractures may be associated with deformity of the nose, as well as swelling and bruising. Deformity in the face, for example a sunken cheekbone or teeth which do not align properly, suggests the presence of fractures. Asymmetry can suggest facial fractures or damage to nerves. People with mandibular fractures often have pain and difficulty opening their mouths and may have numbness in the lip and chin. With Le Fort fractures, the midface may move relative to the rest of the face or skull. The 3 goals of therapy in treating facial fractures are (1) to restore functional occlusion; (2) to stabilize the major facial skeletal supports, thereby restoring the pre-morbid 3-dimensional contour (height, width, and projection) to the face (Open Reduction & Internal Fixation); and (3) to provide skeletal support for the proper function and appearance of the overlying facial soft tissue structures.
Is Excessive Sweating Interfering with Your Normal Life & Routine activities? Do you hesitate to buy new clothes because they might be ruined by underarm sweat? Do you worry someone will notice your sweat stains? Excessive sweating or hyperhidrosis is a common problem. There are two main types of hyperhidrosis. Botox (Botulinum toxin) Injections treatment for primary focal hyperhidrosis is very successful. BOTOX (Botulinum neurotoxin) treatment helps control the symptoms of severe local sweating (in palms, feet, underarms, face, etc), when topical anti-perspirants do not work well enough, by temporarily blocking the chemical signals from the nerves that stimulate the sweat glands. When the sweat glands don’t receive chemical signals, the severe sweating stops. You should notice a significant reduction in sweating within 4 weeks of your first treatment and effects (reduced sweating) last up to 201 days or 6.7 months. In summary, excessive local sweating in the underarms, palms, feet & face (axillary, palmar, plantar & facial hyperhidrosis) can have deleterious functional as well as social effects. This can now be easily treated with local Botox Injections. Dr. Debraj Shome, renowned facial plastic surgeon, blogs on the same.
Rhinoplasty / nose job / nasal shaping surgery is a surgical procedure, performed to improve the function (reconstructive surgery) and/or the appearance (cosmetic surgery) of the human nose. Septoplasty is a corrective surgical procedure done to straighten the nasal septum (deviated nasal septum surgery), the central partition between the two nasal cavities. When it deviates into one of the nasal cavities, it narrows that cavity and impedes airflow. A deviated nasal septum is deemed significant when it causes a crooked nose in appearance or causes other symptoms such as sinus blockage, nasal congestion, sinus infection, sinusitis, difficulty in breathing, snoring & sleep apnoea. Often, a septoplasty is combined with a rhinoplasty for cosmetic correction of the deformities of the external nasal framework. The combination of a septoplasty to straighten the nose & a rhinoplasty to make the nose cosmetically better looking is called a septorhinoplasty (functional + cosmetic correction of nose). The nasal septum can bend to one side or another as a part of normal growth during childhood and puberty. Also, the septum can be deviated at birth (congenital) or because of an injury (nasal trauma / nasal fracture), such as a broken nose. A septorhinoplasty is performed to correct a deviated nasal septum, a crooked nose, & other symptoms such as sinus blockage, sinusitis, difficulty in breathing, snoring & sleep apnea.
Full lips with an accentuated border have often been associated with beauty and youth. In studies performed on the science of human attraction, psychologists have concluded that a woman’s facial and sexual attractiveness are closely linked to the makeup of her hormones during puberty and development. It has been shown that the more oestrogen a woman has, the larger her eyes and the fuller her lips, characteristics which are supposedly perceived as more feminine. Surveys performed by sexual psychologists have also found that universally, men find a woman’s full lips to be more sexually attractive than lips that are less so. It is very easily possible nowadays to give a lady more attractive, curvaceous, fuller, lips, using cosmetic filler lip injections with Fillers like Restylane and Juvederm. Restylane / Juvederm are very safe, affordable, predictable and injections with Restylane / Juvederm Fillers can be performed in the doctor’s office itself. Dr. Debraj Shome explores the advent of lip filler injections and explores the data on whether fuller lips are indeed more feminine.
Botulinum toxin (Botox Treatment) is a material that has been known for over a century and used for medical purposes for more than 50 years. Botox Injections initial uses were for strabismus (commonly known as a squinting eye), blepharospasm (inability to open the eyes), hemifacial spasm and cervical dystonia (wry neck). In 2002, it was approved for improving and relaxing frown lines/ wrinkles in the area between the eyes on the forehead (glabella) and has been used successfully in more than half a million patients since that time. Currently, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved botulinum toxin A (Botox) for the aesthetic/ cosmetic improvement of glabellar (brow) rhytides (frown wrinkles & lines) and forehead frown lines/ wrinkles. BOTOX is now a household name for anti-aging procedures, for creating beauty and for removing lines and wrinkles on the face in both men and women, in India and world over. Is Botox really good and safe? Is Botox beneficial? Is it a cure for all face aging? What is the cost of Botox treatments? What are the risks and the complications of Botox treatments? Who is the best doctor to inject Botox treatments? The details on getting BOTOXed!
Regular Sunscreen / Sunblock use is necessary to protect skin against premature aging (best anti-aging treatment), as well as protect skin against the cancerous effects of the ultraviolet rays of the sun. Exposure to ultraviolet light, UVA or UVB, from sunlight accounts for 90% of the symptoms of premature skin aging such as wrinkles, face lines and skin cancers. The most important skin-care product available to prevent wrinkles / facial lines (antiaging) and skin cancer is sunscreen, but most people do not use sunscreen correctly. Dr. Debraj Shome, one of the top / best facial plastic surgeons in the world, cureently in Mumbai, India, guides consumers on the correct way to use sun-screen (sunblock) lotions (skin care products) for maximum impact & best results.
Is it safe to get plastic surgeries done in India, when you are from another part of the world? Dr. Debraj Shome, one of India’s best facial plastic surgeons opines.
There are many different plastic surgery procedures available to those who would like to alter certain aspects of their bodies. Plastic surgery has been around in some form or another for many years, but has only been in extensive use in the 20th and 21st century. The top three cosmetic surgical procedures in 2004 Liposuction …
The way you look is important, not only from the perspective of your self-esteem, but also from the perspective of how you get treated at home and at work. The most beautiful women and the most handsome men in India and the world tend to get the most attention and the most jobs too – This has been proven by research numerous times over. Many of us dont want to undergo beauty cosmetic procedures as we may feel we dont care enough about our looks, or we dont have the money or the time. Think again. Given a choice, would you not want to look younger, fresher, better? Most of these cosmetic procedures/ treatments may cost less than what a meal costs in a restaurant these days and guess what, they are very quick procedures and can be done over your lunch time even. Dr. Debraj Shome, top/ best plastic surgeon in India, blogs about beauty skin care tips and these 5 minute beauty cosmetic procedures/ treatments, which can be done over your lunchtime, are completely safe and have zero down time. These include Botox cosmetic injections, laser skin therapy, fillers, glycolic peels, other chemical peels, microdermabrasion, hydrafacial, liquid facelifts, party facial and many more. Look like you did when you were a beautiful girl, without make up, naturally. Blog Post last updated on 2nd August 2013.