How to get rid of stretch marks? How to reduce (remove) open pores on the face & cheeks? How to get whiter, lighter, (skin whitening & lightening) beautiful, blemish free, mark free, wrinkle free (fine lines removal) skin? How to remove (reduce/ treat) acne (pimple) scars (best laser for acne scar removal)? How to get tighter, younger looking, smoother, beautiful skin on the face, cheeks, head, neck, back, arms, legs & the rest of the body? The best cosmetic laser treatment (therapy) for all of these indications in Indian skin is the ablative fractional carbon dioxide (CO2) laser treatment. This is a safe & effective treatment, with minimal side-effects & can be performed at reasonable cost (price). The Carbon Dioxide laser has a synergistic cosmetic effect with other skin rejuvenation treatments like Botox (Botulinum Toxin Injection), dermal fillers & other skin care products.
Tears are formed by tiny glands that surround the eye. The tear film is comprised of three layers: a top-most oil layer, a middle water layer, and lower mucous layer (closest to the eye). The tear film lipid layer is the major barrier to evaporation of tears from the ocular surface. A decrease in its thickness or functional integrity may cause evaporative dry eyes. When the meibomian glands get blocked or do not function properly, the tear film is more likely to evaporate. In today’s world, with so much pollution and the rampant use of eye make up, these oil glands tend to get blocked easily & may be the major cause of dry eyes world over. The eye mascara (kaajal), eye shadow and eyeliner can all contribute to the dry eyes, by blocking the meibomian glands. The eyelids, when they blink, assist in the distribution and the replenishing of the tear film. So, when you look at the computer screen for a long period of time, the eyelids do not blink normally & the tear film is not replenished, leading to dry eyes (computer vision syndrome). This can contribute to dry, itchy, gritty and uncomfortable eyes. Thus, the eyelids play a very important role in maintaining the tear film & preventing dry eyes, by production of the tear lipid (oil) layer & by blinking. Dry Eyes can be prevented / treated with adequate lid hygiene (cleaning, applying dry heat & massaging), & relaxation of the eyes (by staring into the distance every 10 – 15 minutes & blinking regularly). Removal of eye make up adequately every night helps to prevent & control the dry eye syndrome.
Ptosis (Droopy Eyes / Droopy Eyelids) can affect one eye or both eyes. Ptosis may be present at birth, or may be acquired later in life. If a droopy eyelid/ droopy eyes are present at birth or within the first year of life, the condition is called congenital ptosis. In most cases of congenital ptosis, the cause is idiopathic (unknown). Congenital blepharoptosis has physical, functional, and psychological consequences. . Although the primary reason for the repair is functional, the oculoplastic surgeon has an opportunity through this procedure to produce symmetry in lid height, contour, and eyelid crease for better cosmesis. A good eyelid surgeon understands that ptosis correction has to have a cosmetic (aesthetic) thought process – When a child looks at the world, the world looks at their eyes – And, so, the eyes must look the same (symmetrical eyelid heights) and beautiful, post surgery. Dr. Debraj Shome discusses on ptosis in children, aetiology, causes, complications & the types of ptosis surgery for the treatment (cure) of the same.
The orbit is the bony socket surrounding the eye. Any disease of the orbit (orbital disorder) can cause displacement, proptosis and exophthalmos of the eyeball and lead to impairment of vision. The commonest disease affecting the orbit is Grave’s disease (Thyroid Eye Disease). Tumors (Neoplasms) can also affect the orbit, commonest being orbital lymphoma, lacrimal tumors like pleomorphic adenoma and vascular tumors like cavernous hemangioma and lymphangioma. Treatment of orbital tumors (neoplasms) and other orbital lesions is by using a type of orbital surgery called an orbitotomy. Thyroid Eye Disease is treated with an orbital decompression surgery. Orbital surgeries are extremely specialized surgeries performed by oculoplastic surgeons. Since oculoplastic surgeons have dual training in eye surgery as well as plastic surgery, they are ideally equipped to treat orbital disorders aesthetically and cosmetically, while preserving vision.